RESEARCH ARTICLE: Training students on the Pharmacist Patient Care Process using an electronic health record and simulations

Authors

  • Deepti Vyas University of the Pacific, Stockton, California
  • May Chen University of the Pacific, Stockton, California
  • Eric G Boyce University of the Pacific, Stockton, California
  • Suzanne M Galal University of the Pacific, Stockton, California
  • Edward L Rogan University of the Pacific, Stockton, California
  • Jenana Maker University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Keywords:

Computerised Provider Order Entry, Electronic Health Record, Pharmacist Patient Care Process, Simulation, Virtual Patient Cases

Abstract

Objective: To measure the impact of an electronic health record (EHR) and simulated physician encounters on student knowledge and skills related to the implementation phase of the Pharmacist Patient Care Process (PPCP). Secondary objectives were to measure students’ self-perceived abilities.

Methods: Students enrolled in a therapeutics course worked-up patient cases within an EHR. Students entered orders/ prescriptions into the computerised provider order entry (CPOE) platform. Faculty graded student work using a rubric. Students completed an instructor-developed pre-post attitudes survey and knowledge quiz.

Results: Two hundred students participated in this study and worked-up seven cases. Scores ranged from 67.7% to 88.2% on the case work-ups and 78.6% to 91.1% on the order/prescription-entry components. Individual scores on the quiz improved from 15.3/20 to 17.3/20 (p<0.001). Aggregate ratings on the attitudes survey increased from 23.2 to 31.0 (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Use of an EHR coupled with simulation was well-received and improved student understanding of the PPCP.

Author Biographies

Deepti Vyas, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

May Chen, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences 

Eric G Boyce, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Suzanne M Galal, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Edward L Rogan, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Jenana Maker, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California

Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

References

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Rebitch, C.B., Fleming, V.H., Palmer, R., Rong, H. & Choi, I. (2019). Evaluation of video-enhanced case-based activities guided by the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process (PPCP) in a second-year Pharm.D. course. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 83(4), 6676. doi: 10.5688/ajpe6676

Rivkin, A. (2016). Thinking Clinically from the Beginning: Early Introduction of the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 80, Art.164

Skelley, J.W., Wulz, J.L. & Thibodeaux, A.M. (2018). Implementation of an electronic medical record simulation activity aligned with the Pharmacist Patient Care Process in an ambulatory care elective course. Pharmacy Education, 18(1), 91-98

Published

14/11/2019

Issue

Section

Research Article